Granada is one of the most beautiful cities in the world
Granada is a dream city for poets and romantics. It is located in a strikingly beautiful place – from the North-East side of the picturesque slope of the Sierra Nevada, on the background of snowy peaks, striking the imagination with its magnificence. The city is nestled on three hills, sloping gradually down into the valley. An ancient legend says that it is because of these Granada hills got its name, because if you look at them from above, their topography is similar to open a pomegranate.
Granada has a typically continental Mediterranean climate, with cool winters (sometimes even freezing) and hot, dry summers. In mid summer the temperature reaches 35 degrees, but there is never any feeling of stuffiness due to its clean mountain air, therefore, the local weather is very resistant both residents and tourists. Granada can be called sun city, because here at any time of year the sun is pleased with his presence.
Granada, like most Spanish cities, has a very ancient history. The first settlements of the Iberian tribes here appeared in the V century BC during the reign of the Roman Empire at this place was built the city of Iliberis, which is absorbed and a small settlement called Pomegranate (Granada).
The first major impetus to the development of the city was its conquest by the Arabs, and joining the Cordoban Caliphate. The Arabs engaged in the restructuring and extension of Granada: on the left and right banks of the river Darro they built two strong fortress center. When the Caliphate began to lose its economic and political influence, the city began to populate the Moors from different parts of Spain, and, some time later, they founded in Granada separate Muslim autonomy. The Muslim Board for the town of the “Golden age” in its economic and cultural history.
Granada is enough for a long time failed to capture the Spanish Reconquista. Because of its geographical location and intelligent strategies of urban rulers, the city was an impenetrable fortress. Pala Granada only in the late fifteenth century, when the majority of the southern regions of Spain was controlled by Christians.
Many dramatic moments in the history of Granada is reflected in the various monuments of history and culture. This city is very loved and celebrated Spanish cultural activist Federico garcía Lorca, and that love permeates his works. Granada is also tragic and mysterious death of Lorca.
A real gem of Granada is the Alhambra Palace, built by the Arab masters. The white building is surrounded by a two-kilometer thick wall with several towers. “Gates of Justice” — the so-called main entrance to this wonder of architecture. The outer arch of the gate is crowned by the hand, the fingers of which represent the five major Islamic tenets.
The process of building and redevelopment of the Alhambra Palace lasted many years. Unfortunately, most of the elements made in the Arabic style, the Palace was lost – they were redone after Granada returned to the Spanish crown. To our times the Palace has retained only two Arab courtyard: the courtyard of the lions, built by Muhammad V, and Myrtle courtyard, built during the reign of Yusuf I. after countless alterations in the architecture of the Alhambra Palace surprisingly intertwined Muslim and Christian culture, but this did not negatively impact on the appearance of this masterpiece – the Palace is recognized as one of the most beautiful architectural monuments of Andalucia.
Close to the Royal Palace is still some beautiful old buildings is the Church of Santa Maria De La Alhambra, built on the site of an Arab mosque, the Palace of the Generalife, which was the summer residence of the Sultan and the Palace of king Charles V. In the Palace of Generalife you can enjoy extraordinary views of gardens and majestic fountains. As for the Palace of Charles V, it was built in the early 16th century in the Renaissance style. According to plan, the building of the Palace was to occupy the main part of the Alhambra complex, but the building was not finished. Today, there is two Museum of art.
The Cathedral is another great attraction of Granada. He began to build in 1523, and symbolized the triumph of Christianity in the Islamic faith. This Cathedral became a standard by which was built the other Andalusian Church, because it was the first building in Spain, executed in the Renaissance style.
To see the city’s main attractions will help a variety of tours. For example, very popular among tourists 8-hour sightseeing tour, include inspection of the main architectural and historical monuments of Granada. Not less experience will leave and 4-hour guided tour of the Alhambra, during which tourists can visit other monuments of Islamic architecture. For all who want to explore the neighboring towns, there are tours from Granada to Valencia, Cordoba and Sevilla.
Entertainment and holidays
In Granada almost constant throughout the year many cultural events, including music festivals, dance and theatre, but the most memorable impression on the flamenco performances. The most striking folk festival, accompanied by a noisy and fun festivities, is the day of St. Cecilio — the patron Saint of Granada.
Granada is not in vain is considered as one of the most beautiful cities in the world – here is admirable everything from amazing nature and offbeat architectural monuments. This city attracts not only for its rich history and national traditions, but also very friendly and welcoming attitude towards tourists of all nationalities.