European festivals
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History of the New year. How was the holiday?
  New year – one of the most fun and favorite holidays of our people. But as we meet him, he was not always so. Actually, it took quite a…

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MOSCOW CHILDREN’s CARNIVAL

the Government of Moscow “Marketing company OLYMPUS” with the participation of the Association “ice cream Capital” and the magazine “Holiday” SOMETHING ELSE ABOUT CARNIVALS

Carnival movement in the world is experiencing a genuine Renaissance: carnivals appear even in “ncarnival” countries, such as Japan or Finland. Modern carnivals developed in two historically established areas – European (traditions of the oldest carnivals in Europe) and the Caribbean (carnivals that have arisen on the basis of the European under the influence of Negro-African culture). In General, the experts identify 11 different types of traditional carnivals. The largest carnivals using grandiose allegorical designs and giant platforms you will find in the towns of Viareggio and Putignano (Italy), as well as in Malta and in nice (France). The Grand Mardi Gras is a carnival held in New Orleans (USA), Patras (Greece), Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain), Colon (Germany), Den Bosch (the Netherlands), Aleste (Belgium), Rijeka (Croatia), in Basel and Zurich (Switzerland), Dunkerque (France). The most colorful Caribbean and Samba carnivals you will certainly find in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador de Bahia (Brazil), Trinidad&Tobago, Nottinghill (England), Curacao (Antilles), Corrientes (Argentina) and in Baranquilla (Colombia). The most famous mask carnivals (according to the Julian calendar) held in Pernik (Bulgaria), Ptoe (Slovenia) and Strumica (Macedonia).

Origin of carnival is not fully understood, and the etymology of the word is unclear. Most agree that the ancient great-carnival accounted for the change of seasons and was an agrarian celebration. The actual European carnival originated from the fusion of Roman and Germanic customs. Gradually carnival “forgot” their roots and turned into the traditional celebration of the joy of seeing spring. The carnival everywhere in Europe was to precede the main annual post-period of repentance and fasting. And before it come to that long strip of hardship, people used this opportunity to arrange a feast and plenty of fun. In the middle ages under the pressure of the spirit of asceticism carnival tradition was the most vivid development and expression in popular culture. It was at this time the carnival was at its height, has developed its own philosophy of “turning over”, travesties, the mockery of the world.

In the era of great geographical discoveries of European carnival traditions “crossed” the sea and got on new continents. The Indians and the Negro slaves, who loved this holiday, create a new, Caribbean form the main content, the “soul” which becomes the dance. In today’s world it is becoming increasingly Caribbean form of celebration, characterized with a simple ideology and “linear” principle of organization – all the action is built around the parades of Samba schools.

In the Russian analogue of the European carnival in the strict sense is carnival. However, for various reasons, carnival, unfortunately, has become an integral element of the city’s festive culture of Russia.

In Europe in the second half of the seventeenth century there is a new form of festivals – carnival court. Retaining only the form of carnival folk tradition, the Palace amusements went the way of stylization: masquerades, processions, allegories and fireworks quite successfully copied the style of the carnival.

This carnival experience tried to develop and move onto Russian soil Peter: carnival 1721 on the occasion of the victory in the Northern war, April fool’s carnivals, election “sexocasero Pope”, etc. it Should be noted that a number of moments of the Grand reforms of Peter intertwined with carnival travistravis and debunking (trimming of beards, European dress, appearances.) New were introduced to life originally in “comic” form. Over time, in Russia there was a great bureaucratic machine “carnival of production.” Its scope carnivals in Russia reached under Catherine II: the carnival “Triumphant Minerva”, Moscow carnival of 1775, on the occasion of the victory in the Russo-Turkish war and the annexation of Crimea. Russian and later Soviet carnivals hardly be called a truly people, arranged for and financed their Supreme authority, and the public was given the audience on such a Grand scale performances.

Children’s carnivals in the world – the phenomenon is not so widespread. However, almost all the carnivals of the world there are children’s carnival or children’s program. In many carnival cities, organizing committees established good contacts with schools and preschools. Very often teachers spend their strength and energy throughout the year, together with the children to create something extraordinary to participate in the celebration. At many carnivals over the world choose baby Prince and Princess of the carnival (Spain, Greece, Croatia, Netherlands, Belgium, France, etc.). According to the President of the Association of European Carnival Cities (FECC) Henry van Dr of UNDC “kids carnival is a guarantee of the continuation of the carnival and carnivals”.